» 99 Names of Allah
99 Names of Allah
84. Al-Azeez (the Mighty)
The One to Whom belongs might/honor in its entirety, the might/honor of strength, the might/honor of conquest and the might/honor of preventing. So He has prevented any of His creation from encompassing and grasping Him, He is Omnipotent over everything that is in existence, the whole of creation is subjected and indebted to Him and yielding before His greatness.
"It will be said: 'Seize him and drag him into the midst of the blazing Fire. Then pour over his head the torment of boiling water. Taste you this! Indeed you were (pretending to be) the Mighty, the Generous!'" (44:47-49)
"Blessed be He in Whose Hand in the dominion, and He is Able to do all things. Who has created death and life that He may test which of you is best in deed. And He is the Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving." (67:1-2)
85. Al-Muqtadir (The Omnipotent)
86. Al-Qawiyy (The Most Powerful)
87. Al-Mateen (The Most Strong)
[These fall under the meaning of al-Azeez]
All of these magnificent names have similar meanings. For He, the Exalted, is perfect in strength great in power and complete in might.
"Verily, all power (and might) belongs to Allah. [Yunus (10):65)
"Verily, your Lord is the Most Strong, the Most Mighty. [Hud (11):66]
"Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said, 'our Lord is Allah' - for had it not been that Allah checks one set of people by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques, wherein the Name of Allah is mentioned much, would surely have been pulled down. Indeed Allah will help those who help Him and Allah is the Strong, the All-Mighty." (22:40)
The word might has three meanings which are perfect with regards to Allah, the Most Great:
- Might of Strength and Power. This is proved by His names, Al-Qawee (the Most Strong) and Al-Mateen (The Extremely Strong). This (Might of Strength) is His great description and He the One whom the strength of the created beings cannot be compared to Him, no matter how great it may be. Allah, the Exalted says,
Verily, Allah is the All Providing, the Passer of Strength, the Most Strong. [Adh Dhariyyat (51):58]
And Allah is Powerful, and Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Al-Mumtahinah 960):7]
Say (O Muhammad), He is the Most Able to send a torment upon you from above you, or from beneath your feet, or to make you all into confused sects, and make some of you taste the harms (violence) of others. [Al-Anam (6):65]
And Allah is able to do everything. [Al-Kahf (18):45]
Verily, the pious will be in the midst of gardens and rivers (of Paradise) . In a seat of truth (i.e. paradise), near the Omnipotent King. [Al-Qamar (54):55]
- Might of Impossibility (to be affected). For verily, He is the Most wealthy, being Self Sufficient in His Self. He does not need anyone nor do the creatures (His Slaves) have any ability to harm Him or benefit Him. Rather, He is the One who cause harm, gives benefit, gives and withholds.
- Might of Compelling Force. This is His ability over all of existence. All of existence is compelled by Allah, submissive to His greatness and complaint to His desire. All of the forelocks of the creatures are in His hand none of them can move or change position except by His power strength and permission. Thus, whatever He willed will be and whatever He does not will it will not be. There is no power and no strength except by Him (Allah). From His strength and His power is that He created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days. He also originated the creation, then He will cause them to die, then He will bring them to life (again) and to Him they will be returned.
The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as (the creation and resurrection of) a single person. (Luqman (31):28]
And He it is who originates the creation, then He will repeat it (after it has been perished); and this is easier for Him. [Ar-Rum (30):27]
From the results of His Power is that you see the earth still (and lifeless), then when water (rain) descends upon it, it moves, grows and brings forth every kind of lovely growth (plants). Also, from the results of His power is what He made happen to the rejecting nations and the wrong doing disbelievers from the various types of punishment and lasting lessons. Also, their plans, their plotting, their wealth, their armies and their fortresses cannot benefit them anything against the torment of Allah when the command of your Lord comes (to them). All of these things only increase them in utter destruction. This is especially important to note in these times (today). For verily, this dreadful power and these dazzling inventions that the nations (of today) have achieved is only from the power that Allah has allowed them to have and His teaching them what they did not know. Therefore, from the signs of Allah is that their strength, powers and inventions cannot benefit them anything in preventing what will befall them of adversities and destructive punishments. No matter how much they exert their efforts and exhaust their energies to protect themselves from Allah's punishment, they cannot do so. The command of Allah is always dominant and all the elements of the upper (highest) world and the lower are dependent upon His power.
From the perfection of His Might and Power, and their completeness, is that just as He is the Creator of the slaves (creatures), He is also the Creator of their deeds, their obedience and their disobedience. These are all of their actions. These actions are attributed to Allah in their being created and predetermined, and their actual performance is attributed to them (the creatures) and particularly at the time of their occurrence. There is no contradiction between the two matters. For verily, Allah created their power (ability) and their will. The Creator of the cause is also the Creator of the effect (i.e. what results).
"Allah, the Exalted, says, And Allah created you all and whatever you do. [As-Saffat 37:96]
From the results of His power is what He mentioned in His Book of His helping His (i.e. pious believers) even though they were small in number and lacked preparation against their enemies who excelled them in great numbers and preparation. Allah says:
"How many times has a small group overcome a large group by Allah's leave? [Al-Baqarah (2):249]
From the results of His Power and His Mercy is what He will make happen to the people of the Hellfire and the people of Paradise from the various punishments and pleasures that are numerous, continuous, eternal and forever. * [Al-Haqq Ul-Waadhih ul-Mubeen, pg. 45-46, and Sharh ul-Qaseedah In Nooniyyah by Al-Harraas (2/78) and Tafseer As-Sadee, 5/624]
Therefore, by His Power He brought everything into existence. By His Power, He controls the affairs of everything. By His Power, He rectifies and perfects everything. By His power He gives life and death and He will resurrect the slaves (creatures) for the final recompense. Thus, The good-doer will be rewarded for his good and the wrong doer will be punished for His Evil. By His power, He turns the hearts and directs them to whatever He wishes. He is the One who, whenever He wants something, He says BE and it is (i.e. it comes into existence). * [Tafseer Al-Allaamah As-Sadee, 5/624, and this is taken from Surah Ya-Seen (36): Verse 82]
"Allah says also, Whosoever you may be, Allah will bring you together (on the Day of Resurrection). Truly, Allah is able to do all things. [Al-Baqarah (2):148]
88. Al-Afuw (The Oft-Pardoning)
88. Al-Ghafoor (The Oft-Forgiving)
88. Al-Ghaffaar (The Most Forgiving)
"Verily, Allah is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. [Al-Hajj (22): 60]
He is the one Who never ceases (to exist) and He does not cease being kind by pardoning and He is described as forgiving and overlooking of the errors of His slaves.
Everyone is in need of His Pardoning and His Forgiving just as they are in need of His Mercy and His Generosity. Verily, He promised forgiveness and pardoning to whoever does what deserves them (These two attributes).
"Allah says: And verily, I am Oft-Forgiving for whoever repents, believes, works righteousness (deeds) and then is rightly guided. [Taa-Haa (20): 82]
The Oft-Pardoning is He who has complete and total pardoning that suitably covers whatever sins that may be committed by His slaves. This is especially the case if they do that which necessitates their pardoning, such as seeking (His) forgiveness, repentance, having faith and performing righteous deeds. For He, Glory be unto Him, accepts His slaves and pardons their evil deeds. He is Oft-Pardoning and He loves to Pardon and He loves from His slaves that they should rush to attain the things that will cause them to do those things that bring them towards pardon like hurrying to please Him and doing good towards His creatures. Also from the perfection of His Pardoning is that He forgives all of His servants crimes, whether small or big, no matter how much he wrongs himself, as long as he repents and recants from the evil. He (Allah) made (the acceptance of) Islam the expiation of whatever one did before and repentance the expiation of whatever one did before it. * [Sharh Ul-Qaseedah An-Nooniyyah by Al-Harras, 2/86, and Al-Haqq Ul-Waadhi Al-Mubeen, pg.56]
"Allah says: O Ibadi (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah: verily, Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Az-Zumar (39):53]
In a Hadeeth the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: Verily, Allah says: Oh son of Adam, verily if you come to Me with an earth full of sins, and you meet me without having associated anything with Me (as a partner), Then I would come to you with an earth full of forgiveness. Recorded by Al-Tirmidhee, 4/122, and declared Hasan (Good) by Al-Albanee in Saheeh Al-Jaami, 5/548]
"Allah, the Exalted says, Verily, Your Lord has vast forgiveness. [An-Najm 953):32].
Verily, Allah has opened the means of attaining His forgiveness through repentance, seeking forgiveness, faith, doing righteous deeds, doing good towards His slaves, pardoning them, having strong hope for Allah's favor, thinking good concerning Allah and other things that Allah has made a means of drawing near to Him and attaining His Forgiveness. * [Al-Haqq Ul-Waadhih Al-Mubeen, pp.73-74
89. Badeeus-Samaawaati Wal-Ard (The Originating Creator) of the Heavens and the Earth
"The Originator of the heavens and the earth. If He decides a matter He merely says Be and it is. [Soorah 2 Al-Baqarah, Aayah 117]
That is, He created them and originated them from nothing with the utmost perfection and marvelous original creation, as well as with wondrous and precise order.
"And Allah taaala stated: He is the one who originates the creation, then will repeat it (after it has been perished)[Soorah 30 Ar-Room, Aayah 27]
He began their creation to test which of them is the best in deeds, then He returns them (to life in the Hereafter) to reward those who do righteous deeds and to give what is due to those who commit evil for their evil deeds.
Likewise, He brings into existence created things bit by bit and brings them back all the time. Allah taaala also says:
"Verily your Lord is the doer of what He wills. [Soorah 11 Hood, Aayah 107]
"And He Subhaanahu (Who is free from and above any imperfection) said: He does what He wills. [Soorah 85 Al-Burooj, Aayah 16]
This extends from His Perfect Power, and implementation of His Will and His Ability. Every matter that He wants He does and there is nothing that can pose obstruction or resistance to Him. Indeed, if He wants anything He merely says, Be and it is. The fact is that He is the Doer of all He wishes and His Will is according to His Wisdom. Allah is described as Perfect in Power and implementation of Will. He is also characterized as having complete and comprehensive wisdom in all that He has done or does.
90. Al-Kaafi (The Sufficient)
"Is not Allah Sufficient for His slave? [Soorah 39 Az-Zumar, Aayah 36]
He, Who is free from and above all imperfection is the Sufficient for His slaves for all their needs and they are force to depend upon Him. He is the Sufficient to a special extent for whosoever believes in Him and depends upon Him and asks from Him that which he requires for his religion (deen) and his worldy life (ad-dunyaa).